Cut the Deck Tarot Layout
Cutting the Deck is probably the oldest form of cartomancy, dating back to the 16th century at least. People would cut the deck to pull one card, essentially to test whether their luck was running high, before making a decision.
Similar principles led to the development of solitaire games in the 17th century. Solitaire was originally played as a gauge of how lucky a person was at a given time.